# Texas Hold em

## Texas Hold'em

Each player still in the game at the end will determine the highest poker value among his own two cards and the five community cards. It is NOT a requirement that the player use both of his own cards. The player with the hand of highest poker value shall win. Following are the hand rankings.

1. Straight flush: Five consecutive and suited cards. For example 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 .
2. Four of a kind: Four cards of the same rank, plus any fifth card. For example Q , Q , Q , Q , 4 .
3. Full house: Three of a kind and a pair. For example 6 , 6 , 6 , J , J .
4. Flush: Any five cards of the same suit, except for a higher ranking straight flush. For example A , Q , 8 , 4 , 3 .
5. Straight: Five consecutive cards, except for a higher ranking straight flush. For example 8 , 9 , 10 , J , Q .
6. Three of a kind: Three cards of the same rank, plus any other two cards. For example 5 , 5 , 5 , Q , 2 .
7. Two pair: Two pairs, plus any fifth card. For example 8 , 8 , 2 , 2 , Q .
8. Pair: A pair and any other three cards. For example 7 , 7 , 2 , 5 , A .
9. ? High: Any five cards that do not form any higher poker hand. A king high hand for example might be K , Q , 7 , 5 , 4 .

### Examples

Example 1

Board: A , 2 , 4 , 5 , 6
Player 1: J , 6
Player 2: 7 , Q

Player 1 wins. Both have an ace high flush, so the second highest card is considered. Player 1's jack beats player 2's 7. The only way to have a flush tie is if the flush is entirely on the board and no hole cards are higher than the lowest card on the board in the same suit.

Example 2

Board: J , A , 7 , 5 , 6
Player 1: 2 , J
Player 2: 10 , J

Player 2 wins. Both have a pair of jacks so the singletons are considered. High highet singleton in both hands is an ace so the second highest singleton is considered. Player 1's second highest singleton is a 7, compared to player 2's 10. A 10 beats a 7 so player 2 wins.

Example 3

Board: A , A , K , Q , J
Player 1: Q , J
Player 2: Q , 2

Tie. Both have a two pair of aces and queens, with a king singleton. Some people incorrectly believe that in such cases the unused cards are considered, in this case player 1's pair of jacks beating player 2's jack/2. Only the top five cards matter. The jacks and deuce are irrelevant.

### Hole Card Strategy

One of the most important aspects of Texas Hold'em is the value of each two-card hand before the flop. The decision of how to play your first two cards is something you face every hand, and the value of your first two cards is highly correlated to your probability of winning.

The following table shows my power rating for each initial 2-card hand in a 10-player game. The numbers are on a 0 to 40 scale. Basically, you should only play hands that are dark green, blue, or purple. Of course you should be more be more liberal in late position and picky in early position. If forced I would say you should need 10 points in late position and 19 points in early position to call the big blind. If your table is loose, as if often the case online, you can play a bit looser yourself.

Use the top table if you have a pair, the middle table if your cards are suited, and the bottom table if your cards are unsuited. Except for a pair,look up your high card along the left and your low card along the top.

Following are the links to my tables of the value of each intial hand according to the number of players. The 10-player section explains the methodology for creating the table table.

### Pot Odds

The following table shows the probability of making various hands after the flop and the correct "pot odds." The pot odds are the breakeven ratio of money in the pot to the amount you have to bet for the player to be indifferent about calling, assuming the player would definitely win if he makes the hand (a big if) and there are no additional bets (another big if). This table is a good starting point

the player should make mental adjustments for the probability of winning without making the hand, losing with making the hand, and expected future bets. The odds of a two pair improving to a full house are the same as those for four to an inside straight.

## Free Poker Odds Calculator

Ever wondered what are the chances of your hand winning against another? With our free poker odds calculator, you can calculate the odds of any poker situation. It gives you the likelihood of winning in a matter of a few seconds when all hole cards are known.

Learning basic poker odds and probabilities of different hands winning the showdown is one of the easiest ways to get an edge in poker. Just select your preferred poker variant from Texas Hold em, PLO, PLO5, and Short Deck and the cards that are in play. You can then see odds for different hands winning.

### How to use our poker odds calculator

You can calculate the odds of any scenario in a poker game with these simple steps:

1. Select the poker variant you re playing.
2. Pick the cards you and your opponents are holding.
3. Pick the community cards dealt.
4. The odds of each hand winning will start calculating and adjust based on the community cards you add.

### What is a poker odds calculator

An odds calculator is a handy tool for all poker players to quickly get the right probabilities for any scenario at the table. You can select different hand matchups and get the right odds in a second. The odds of winning are calculated with a precise statistical method to ensure the results are correct.

For example, with our PLO5 odds calculator you can check how often you will win with double-suited Aces against a rundown hand like KQTJ9. In this situation, you can see your winnings odds are around 60% depending on the side cards and suits. You can also calculate NLHE, 6+, PLO4 or PLO6 odds in any hand matchup.

Our poker calculator covers the following game formats:

• Texas Hold'em
• Omaha
• PLO5 (Five card Omaha)
• PLO6 (Six card Omaha)
• Short Deck Hold'em

### Benefits of using a poker odds calculator

• Learning the odds of different hand matchups
• Preparing for hypothetical situations in both cash games and tournaments
• Finding out if you ve made any mistakes in hand you played

### How do poker odds work

Poker odds are the probabilities of winning or losing in a given situation. All the odds in poker are based on the underlying mathematics of the game. For example, if you re facing an all-in with a pair of deuces and make the call against ace-king, you re close to 52% favorite to win the hand. This percentage is calculated by repeating the hand with a fresh deck of cards ad infinitum and seeing how many times each hand wins.

Another concept that can be difficult for new players to grasp is pot odds. Pot odds mean the ratio between the size of the pot and the bet or raise you re facing. In case the pot is \$100 and your opponent is betting \$50, you re risking \$50 to win \$150 in case you decide to call. Your call of \$50 to win \$150 represents pot odds of 3:1. If this bet was made on the river, you would need to win at least 25% of the time for the call to be profitable.

#### Comparing pot odds to your hand equity

How do you know if you should call a bet or a raise in poker? This is where hand equity comes into play. If your hand equity is higher than the price offered by pot odds, you should make the call (or raise if the situation calls for it).

Let s say you re facing a half-pot bet on the turn holding a combo draw of KQhh on JT45hh. To call the bet profitably, we need at least 25% equity. Even if our opponent is holding a set of Jacks, we would have 29% equity and should make the call.

#### Pot Odds shortcuts

Here s a table that comes in handy for checking how much equity you need to profitable call against different bet sizes:

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